Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Meaning

Post traumatic stress disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by malfunction to recover after experiencing or witnessing a petrifying or horrifying incident.

The situation can also last months or years, with triggers which can carry back memories of the trauma observed by way of severe emotional and physical reactions.
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychological illness that could arise in humans who have experienced or witnessed a annoying occasion together with a natural disaster, a critical or major accident, a terrorist act, struggle/combat, rape or several violent assault.

post traumatic stress disorder

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an stress or anxiety disorder because of exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal involving the incidence or danger of bodily damage. It is one of the most excessive and well-known of the exceptional sorts of psychological trauma, frequently due to its incidence in warfare veterans. It can occur itself as early as after the first year of one’s life.

post traumatic stress disorder
The stress of PTSD can have intense results at the hippocampus, inflicting issues with transferring short-term to long-term memory. There is no one way that patient’s memories are laid low with PTSD, as proven with the aid of a selection of research. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sufferers who’ve long gone through special traumatic studies could have small variances in their signs, in general insignificant.

Prevalence

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects roughly about 3.5% of adults and an anticipated 1 in 11 individuals will be diagnosed PTSD in their life span. Women are twice as likely as men to have post traumatic stress disorder. PTSD has been acknowledged by many names in the past, like “shell shock” during the years of World War I and “combat fatigue” following World War II. But PTSD does not just occur to war veterans. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur in all individuals, in people of any society, nationality or ethnicity, and any age.

post traumatic stress disorder

The person may have experienced the trauma individually or may have the situation as a result of a distressing or a traumatic event that happened to a loved one. It is not unusual for people to develop post traumatic stress disorder after the sad demise of their family member.

Signs and Symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder

Some of the major signs and symptoms or post traumatic stress disorder are here under:

post traumatic stress disorder

 

  • Nightmares
  • Flashbacks
  • Heightened reactivity to stimuli
  • Depressed mood
  • Anxiety
  • Hyper-vigilance
  • Social isolation
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Hostility
  • Self-destructive behavior or suicidal tendencies
  • Mistrust
  • Fear or Phobia
  • Loss of pleasurable activities
  • Loneliness
  • Guilt
  • Insomnia
  • Irrational and unwanted thoughts
  • Emotional detachment
  • Panic attacks
  • Distress
  • Extreme physical reactions to remainders of a traumatic event
  • Sweating
  • Heart palpitations
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Unpleasant memories of a tragedy
  • Loss of interest in life and related activities
  • Emotional numbness
  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Distressing dreams

post traumatic stress disorder

Types of Post traumatic stress disorder

According to National Institute of Health (NIH), there are majorly three types of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD):

1. Acute PTSD: If the symptoms last for less than 3 months, it is considered as ‘Acute PTSD’.

2. Chronic PTSD: If symptoms last for at least 3 months, it is referred to as ‘Chronic PTSD’.

3. Delayed onset PTSD: If the symptoms are apparent at least 6 months after a traumatic event, it is classified as ‘Delayed onset PTSD’.

Causes of Post traumatic stress disorder

There can be numerous causes of post traumatic stress disorder. It broadly includes life experiences, conclusion of such life experiences, inherited mental and personality traits, regulation of hormones, brain chemicals etc. Some of the major probable causes are her under:

post traumatic stress disorder

  • Military combat or war
  • Terrorist attack
  • Natural disasters
  • Traumatic birth
  • Severe road accidents
  • Prolonged sexual harassment, violence and neglect of such abuse
  • Witnessing violent deaths
  • Held as hostage
  • Diagnosis of a life-threatening disease
  • Sudden severe injury or demise of a loved one
  • Childhood trauma
  • Surviving through traumas
  • Faulty relationships
  • Extreme fearful state
  • Helplessness against a dangerous event
  • Little or no social support
  • Past history of substance abuse or mental illness

Therapeutic treatment of Post traumatic stress disorder

Some of the major psychological therapies for PTSD are as follows:

1. Eye movement desensitization and Reprocessing

post traumatic stress disorder

EMDR is an effective psychological treatment that reduces the distress of traumatic events through eye movements. It includes simple exercises such as rotating eyes as per the commands, focusing onto an object etc.

2. Exposure and response prevention

post traumatic stress disorder

ERP is a popular talk therapy based on revealing fearful or traumatic experiences within a secure setting in order to facilitate reduce any allied psychological distress. It teaches an individual to get exposed with their fearful stimuli and at the same time preventing or controlling themselves from responding.

3. Cognitive behavioral therapy

CBT is a talk therapy focused on modifying and replacing irrational thought process, behaviors and arousing responses related with psychological stress into rational or positive ones.

4. Cognitive Restructuring

post traumatic stress disorder

This therapy helps people make sense of the awful memories. At times people retain information of an event in a different way than how has happened. They may feel guiltiness or disgrace about something that is not their fault. The therapist helps individuals with post traumatic stress disorder to look at what have actually happened.

5. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

It is significantly important to understand the dissimilarity between the cognitive behavioral treatment and psychodynamic treatment of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Psychodynamic approaches focus on diverse factors that may persuade or cause PTSD symptoms, such as early childhood experiences, current relationships and the stuff people do to defend themselves from distressing thoughts and feelings that are the outcome of experiencing a traumatic event (also known as ‘defense mechanism’).

6. Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

post traumatic stress disorder

VRET is found out to be another way to help individuals in recovering from anxiety disorders. There is some facts which shows that VRET may be helpful for treating numerous different anxiety disorders and anxiety related issues, including fear of flying, acrophobia (fear of heights), fear of driving, arachnophobia (fear of spiders), claustrophobia and social anxiety.

7. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

post traumatic stress disorder

ACT is a behavioral therapy that is based on the thought that distress or suffering comes not from the experience of arousing pain, but from our attempt to evade or avoid that pain. It is used as an effective treatment for post traumatic stress disorder and other mental health disorders too. Its motive is to help people be open up to and willing to have their internal experiences while focusing attention not on trying to escape or stay away from pain instead, on living a significant life.

Other treatments

1. Converse with your mental health professional regarding the treatment options.

2. Break up bulky tasks into little ones, set some priorities, and do what you can as you can.

3. Set realistic and practical goals for oneself.

4. Recognize and seek out calming situations, places, and people.

5. Educate about trauma and its effects.

6. Use relaxation and anger-control skills.

7. Provide guidelines for better sleep, diet, and work out habits.

8. Anticipate your symptoms to progress gradually, not immediately.

9. Help people identify and deal with remorse, shame, and other feelings about the traumatic event.

10. Engage in mild physical activity or work out to help lessen stress.

11. Try to spend time with other individuals and disclose it to a trusted friend or relative.

12. Focus on altering how people respond to their PTSD symptoms.

post traumatic stress disorder

Conclusively, this was a brief understanding, factors, symptoms, treatment and techniques regarding Post traumatic stress disorder.

Hope you find the above information beneficial.

If in case, you or your loved one is suffering from any such issue, you can contact us or visit our website.

post traumatic stress disorder

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